By Julian S. Huxley, Theodosius Dobzhansky, Reinhold Niebuhr, Oliver L. Reiser, Swami Nikhilananda
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Extra info for A Book that Shook the World: Essays on Charles Darwin's Origin of Species
The idea of evolution is found in the Vedas, which date back to at least two thousand years before Christ.
H. Huxley's Evolution and Ethics, based on the supposed opposition between cosmic processes and ethical processes, so Dewey similarly rejected Herbert Spencer's laissez-faire individualism according to which the interference of the social scientist in human affairs becomes an obstacle to understanding the social situation. At this point Dewey's thesis seems close to the Marxist view: the business of philosophy is not to "understand" the world in its eternal givenness, but to transform it. One can't understand without changing, recreating.
If a mathematical sociologist were to study the evolution of the idea of evolution, he could not discern what are the "fundamentals" and what are the "overtones" of the Fourier series of mental evolution. The theory of emergent evolution- momentarily at least-came closer than any other proposed integrative principle to providing a synthesizing nucleus for modern philosophy. This theory of levels, as it was sometimes called, in one form or another had the vigorous support of such outstanding thinkers as Wilhelm Wundt, Lester Ward, C.
A Book that Shook the World: Essays on Charles Darwin's Origin of Species by Julian S. Huxley, Theodosius Dobzhansky, Reinhold Niebuhr, Oliver L. Reiser, Swami Nikhilananda