By T. Carty
In line with a number of students and pundits, JFK's victory in 1960 symbolized America's evolution from a politically Protestant state to a pluralistic one. The anti-Catholic prejudice that many blamed for presidential candidate Alfred E. Smith's crushing defeat in 1928 finally looked as if it would were conquer. despite the fact that, if the presidential election of 1960 was once certainly a turning element for American Catholics, how can we clarify the failure of any Catholic--in over 40 years--to repeat Kennedy's accomplishment? during this exhaustively researched learn that fuses political, cultural, social, and highbrow historical past, Thomas Carty demanding situations the belief that JFK's winning crusade for the presidency ended a long time, if now not centuries, of non secular and political tensions among American Catholics and Protestants.
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Extra resources for A Catholic in the White House?: Religion, Politics, and John F. Kennedy's Presidential Campaign
48 Roosevelt used the power of presidential appointments to advance the political careers of many Catholics. New York Catholic Jim Farley served as Roosevelt’s campaign manager in the 1932 presidential race, and became postmaster general. Roosevelt selected Senator Thomas Walsh to serve as attorney general, but his premature death allowed the president to appoint another Catholic, future Supreme Court Justice Frank Murphy, as the nation’s highest law enforcement officer. 49 By the mid-1930s, potential divisions in this political coalition emerged when prominent Catholics accused Roosevelt of communist sympathies.
56 Walsh had emerged as a potential compromise presidential candidate for 1928. Despite the fact that two Catholics received consideration for the nation’s highest office in 1924, Kennedy still found reasons for pessimism in 1960. S. Catholics in the intervening thirty-six years. Smith’s landslide defeat in the 1928 presidential campaign revealed the persistence of nativist and liberal anti-Catholicism. While President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal coalition opened unprecedented political opportunities to American Catholics, subsequent Democratic Catholic presidential aspirants— such as Postmaster General James Farley and Ambassador to the Court of Saint James Joseph Kennedy—continued to encounter religious skepticism.
55 Roosevelt’s attention to Catholic voters facilitated his 1936 landslide, which substantially exceeded his 1932 margin of victory. As Roosevelt’s second term came to a close, Joe Kennedy and Jim Farley both received consideration for the presidency in 1940. ’’ Although many American 40 A Catholic in the White House? Jews rejected this proposal, which contradicted Zionist plans to settle in Palestine, Liberty magazine similarly speculated optimistically about Kennedy’s presidential prospects. ’’ Twelve years after Al Smith’s defeat, however, Catholicism proved just as sensitive a political issue.
A Catholic in the White House?: Religion, Politics, and John F. Kennedy's Presidential Campaign by T. Carty