By Ian Miller
This booklet is Open entry below a CC by way of license.
It is the 1st monograph-length research of the force-feeding of starvation strikers in English, Irish and northern Irish prisons. It examines moral debates that arose in the course of the 20th century while governments accredited the force-feeding of imprisoned suffragettes, Irish republicans and convict prisoners. It additionally explores the fraught function of criminal medical professionals referred to as upon to accomplish the technique. because the domestic workplace first authorized force-feeding in 1909, a couple of questions were raised concerning the approach. Is force-feeding secure? Can it kill? Are medical professionals who feed prisoners opposed to their will forsaking the clinical moral norms in their occupation? And do nation our bodies use criminal medical professionals to aid take on political dissidence now and then of political crisis?
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Extra resources for A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and Medical Ethics, 1909-1974
40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 21–60. 2–5; David Rose, Guantánamo: America’s War on Human Rights (London: Faber and Faber, 2004); David Cole, Enemy Aliens: Double Standards and Constitutional Freedoms in the War on Terrorism (London and New York: The New Press, 2005). 49–80. 278. 4. Rebecca Godderis, ‘Dining In: The Symbolic Power of Food in Prison’, Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 45:3 (July 2006), pp. 255–67. 74–81. James Vernon, Hunger: A Modern History (Cambridge, Mass. 60. Y. 170.
Between 1909 and 1914, militant suffragettes staged the first group hunger strikes, placing the Home Office and prison doctors in a precarious position. Should these women be released, fed, or allowed to starve? Force-feeding was decided upon. The government presented ‘artificial feeding’ (as used in asylum care) as a life-saving medical intervention being used to stop irrational women committing suicide. In sharp contrast, released prisoners complained of relentless vomiting, rough treatment at the hands of prison doctors, and physical trauma.
One conscientious objector died following a particularly violent bout of force-feeding. Somewhat paradoxically, 26 I. MILLER this chapter suggests that wartime hunger strikers were often adept at drawing public attention to unacceptable institutional conditions. While imprisoned, they could do little to challenge the government that had incarcerated them. But opportunities arose to speak out once war ended. In the 1920s and 1930s, former conscientious objector prisoners successfully campaigned for prison reform.
A History of Force Feeding: Hunger Strikes, Prisons and Medical Ethics, 1909-1974 by Ian Miller