Download e-book for iPad: Acid Rain and the Rise of the Environmental Chemist in by Peter Reed

By Peter Reed

ISBN-10: 1409457753

ISBN-13: 9781409457756

Robert Angus Smith (1817-1884) used to be a Scottish chemist and a number one investigator into what got here to be often called 'acid rain'. This examine of his operating existence, contextualized via dialogue of his youth, schooling, ideals, family members, pursuits and impacts sheds mild at the evolving knowing of sanitary technology in the course of the 19th century. Born in Glasgow and at the beginning informed for a occupation within the Church of Scotland, Smith as an alternative went directly to research chemistry in Germany below Justus von Liebig. On his go back to Manchester within the 1840s, Smith's robust Calvinist religion lead him to increase a powerful problem for the insanitary environmental stipulations in Manchester and different commercial cities in Britain. His appointment as Inspector of the Alkali management in 1863 enabled him to marry his social issues and his paintings as an analytical chemist, and this ebook explores his position as Inspector of the management from its inception via battles with chemical brands within the courts, to the fight to widen and tighten the regulatory framework as different damaging chemical nuisances turned identified. This research of Smith's lifestyles and paintings presents a massive historical past to the way in which that 'chemical' got here to have such destructive connotations within the century prior to ebook of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring. It additionally deals a desirable perception into the altering panorama of British politics as legislation and enforcement of the chemical industries got here to be noticeable as worthwhile, and is key examining for historians of technology, expertise and within the 19th century, in addition to environmental historians looking historical past context to the twentieth-century environmental events.

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Additional resources for Acid Rain and the Rise of the Environmental Chemist in Nineteenth-Century Britain

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For Angus Smith, their influence came at key times in his life, often when guidance and advice were to prove crucial. , Open University, 1980; Michael Stanley, ‘Entry for Thomas Graham’, ODNB; and Robert Angus Smith, The Life and Works of Thomas Graham (Glasgow, 1884). 2 Thomson was one of the outstanding chemists in the 1830s and appeared as an expert witness for James Muspratt in his ‘nuisance’ court case in Liverpool in 1838. 3 Graham knew of these developments, being by this time Professor of Chemistry 3 Jack Morrell, ‘Entry for Thomas Thomson’, ODNB.

1–28. 63 In 1844, when Lyon Playfair left Manchester to take up an appointment at the Geological Survey in London, Angus Smith decided to remain in Manchester and pursue a consultancy business with a wide range of services that included carrying out routine chemical analysis for a variety of clients, advising on the operation of chemical works, investigating air quality, analysing water for railway companies and sanitary authorities, and offering advice generally on scientific matters. With Manchester developing as a major industrial metropolis, it was to prove a very good base for Angus Smith.

367. 39 Robert Angus Smith, To Iceland in a Yacht (Edinburgh, 1873), including a series of delightful drawings by his niece, Jessie Knox Smith, and Robert Angus Smith, Visit to St. Kilda in the ‘The Nyanza’ (Glasgow, 1879). 40 Anon, ‘Obituary: Robert Angus Smith’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland XIX (1884–85) p. 6. 41 Besides the expected collection of books on chemistry, metallurgy, medicine and sanitation, the library covered subjects such as philology (346 volumes), history (721), with 84 volumes on Celtic history, natural history (39) and poetry (125).

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Acid Rain and the Rise of the Environmental Chemist in Nineteenth-Century Britain by Peter Reed

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