Data Mining

Advances in Machine Learning and Data Mining for Astronomy - download pdf or read online

By Michael J. Way, Jeffrey D. Scargle, Kamal M. Ali, Ashok N. Srivastava

ISBN-10: 143984173X

ISBN-13: 9781439841730

Advances in computer studying and knowledge Mining for Astronomy records various profitable collaborations between computing device scientists, statisticians, and astronomers who illustrate the applying of cutting-edge computer studying and knowledge mining concepts in astronomy. a result of monstrous volume and complexity of knowledge in such a lot clinical disciplines, the fabric mentioned during this textual content transcends conventional limitations among quite a few parts within the sciences and machine science.

The book’s introductory half presents context to matters within the astronomical sciences which are additionally vital to overall healthiness, social, and actual sciences, relatively probabilistic and statistical points of class and cluster research. the following half describes a few astrophysics case stories that leverage a variety of laptop studying and knowledge mining applied sciences. within the final half, builders of algorithms and practitioners of computing device studying and information mining exhibit how those instruments and methods are utilized in astronomical applications.

With contributions from top astronomers and machine scientists, this publication is a pragmatic advisor to a number of the most vital advancements in laptop studying, information mining, and facts. It explores how those advances can resolve present and destiny difficulties in astronomy and appears at how they can bring about the production of solely new algorithms in the information mining community.

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These prototypes can then serve as “training sets” for classification of larger, less well-characterized samples. ” Nilsson (2010, Chapter 29) gives a brief and readable history of machine learning techniques. Classification is particularly important for the enormous datasets arising from wide-field surveys starting with the 2MASS and Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and leading to an alphabet-soup of current and planned surveys: Dark Energy Survey (DES), Carnegie Supernova Project (CSP), Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS), Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fibre Spectroscopic 6 Advances in Machine Learning and Data Mining for Astronomy Telescope (LAMOST), Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), and others (see Chapter 9 by Tyson and Borne, “Future Sky Surveys,” in this volume).

Astron. , 43, 195–245. , Meegan, C. , Fishman, G. , Bhat, N. , Briggs, M. , Koshut, T. , Paciesas, W. , and Pendleton, G. N. 1993. Identification of two classes of gamma-ray bursts. Astrophys. J. , 413, L101–L104. 10 Advances in Machine Learning and Data Mining for Astronomy Lardner, D. 1853, On the classification of comets and the distribution of their orbits in space, MNRAS, 13, 188–192. McLachlan, G. and Peel, D. 2000, Finite Mixture Models, Wiley, New York, NY. McLachlan, G. J. and Krishnan, T.

In 1755, Father Boscovitch analyzed five data points on the length of meridian arc at various latitudes, taken for the purpose of testing the Newtonian hypothesis of an ellipsoidal Earth. Boscovitch had five data points and a linear equation (see Stigler, p. 42) in two unknowns, allowing 10 determinations of the unknown parameters. He computed all 10 values, and also computed the average value of one of the parameters, the ellipticity, and argued that the difference between the individual values of the ellipticity and the average value was too large to be due to measurement error.

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Advances in Machine Learning and Data Mining for Astronomy by Michael J. Way, Jeffrey D. Scargle, Kamal M. Ali, Ashok N. Srivastava


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